ERIC Number: ED355017
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Using Goal Setting To Enhance Self Esteem and Create an Internal Locus of Control in the At Risk Elementary Student.
Sisco, Sharon S.
Extending over a 14-week period, this study examined the effects of a program designed to enhance the self-esteem of at-risk students by developing an internal locus of control in the students. The program consisted of six major components: (1) a specified vocabulary and format; (2) goal identification and description by students; (3) student evaluation and selection of alternative actions to accomplish goals; (4) student journal writing showing reflective evaluation and identification of successful and unsuccessful behaviors; (5) a scale to evaluate student goals; and (6) peer encouragement through class meetings. The target group consisted of 72 9- to 12-year-old students in two 4th grade and two 5th grade classes. The Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale was administered as a pretest and posttest, providing the data from which the discrepancy gap for showing improvement in self-esteem was formulated. In addition, serious behavior referrals for the first and second semesters were compared. Results indicated that students' self-esteem improved and fewer severe behavior referrals were necessary. However, attendance was not significantly affected. Related materials are appended. (MM)
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Attitude Change, Behavior Change, Behavior Modification, Critical Thinking, Dropout Prevention, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5, High Risk Students, Intermediate Grades, Journal Writing, Locus of Control, Self Actualization, Self Concept, Self Control, Self Esteem, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Student Journals, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A