ERIC Number: ED354969
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
La formation en alternance en France (Alternative Education in France).
"Alternative" or cooperative education is a way of organizing instruction that combines education in an academic institution with training in a professional setting. The approach has attracted a renewed interest in Europe in the past few years because of its potential for motivating students, reducing student attrition, and raising the level of entry-level vocational education. This publication examines current thinking and practices related to alternative education in France. Part 1 provides an overview of alternative education, focusing on terminology and objectives. Part 2 offers the historical background, reviewing the relationship between new models of alternative education and existing apprenticeship programs, the renewed interest in the alternative model over the past 15 years, and an overview of the legal underpinnings of current apprenticeship and work experience programs in France. Part 3 focuses on the characteristics and outcomes of three types of alternative education programs: apprenticeships, school-based work experience programs, and alternative education designed for out-of-school youth and adults between the ages of 16 and 25. Part 4 addresses five issues that have been the subject of debate in France since the 1980's: (1) the question of whether the educational institution or the employer should have control over initial professional training; (2) the capacity of businesses to accommodate interested students; (3) the ability of business to take charge of initial training; (4) the question of extending alternative education to all educational levels; and (5) the need to impose coherence on the various existing models of alternative education. Finally, part 5 discusses two major issues: the development of partnerships between school and business, and the validation of professional education as a means of raising the educational level of the population as a whole and meeting the needs of industry. Charts illustrating changes in the French educational system are included. (AC)
Descriptors: Adult Vocational Education, Apprenticeships, Cooperative Education, Educational Development, Educational Legislation, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries, Nontraditional Education, On the Job Training, Postsecondary Education, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Work Experience
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Conseil des Colleges, Quebec (Quebec).
Identifiers - Location: France