ERIC Number: ED354741
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A Reading Experiment with L2 Readers of English in Hong Kong--Effects of the Rhetorical Structure of Expository Texts on Reading Comprehension.
Foo, Rebecca W. K.
Hongkong Papers in Linguistics and Language Teaching, v12 p49-62 Apr 1989
A study investigated three issues: (1) differences between two types of rhetorical organization of expository text (problem-solution pattern and collection-of-descriptions pattern) in the reading recall of second-language readers; (2) differences between the two types on reading recall of readers at two levels; and (3) relationship between the ability of second-language readers to recognize and use the top-level rhetorical organization of an expository text and the amount of information recalled from the text. Subjects were 40 students, 20 secondary-school leavers and 20 second-year university engineering students in Hong Kong for whom English is a second language. Two versions of a passage with identical content, one with each type of rhetorical organization, were used. Each text was read by half of each group. Recall of the passages was tested. Results suggest that the rhetorical treatment of propositions in a text influences recall, and that the problem/solution pattern is more effective. However, no difference was found in recall results at the different student levels. The findings have implications for classroom instructional approaches and selection of student texts. A 38-item bibliography and the two text versions are appended. (MSE)
Descriptors: College Students, Discourse Analysis, Engineering Education, English (Second Language), Expository Writing, Foreign Countries, High School Graduates, Higher Education, Language Patterns, Language Research, Reading Comprehension, Recall (Psychology), Rhetoric, Structural Analysis (Linguistics)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong