ERIC Number: ED354618
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Measures To Fight School Failure in the Member States of the European Community. Summary Report Prepared by the EURYDICE European Unit for the Meeting of Senior Officials in June 1992 under the Portuguese Presidency.
EURYDICE European Unit, Brussels (Belgium).
In addition to personal and social consequences, school failure among Member States of the European Community is a major economic liability. Member States have used a variety of measures to counter school failure. It is generally agreed that socioeconomic, cultural, and personal factors all contribute to school failure. Indicators of school failure include internal measures, such as repetition of grade levels, examination results, and dropping out, as well as external measures, such as postcompulsory schooling activities, illiteracy, and youth unemployment. Structural changes designed to combat school failure include more flexible timetables and school routines, preschool programs, lengthening compulsory schooling, and reducing gaps between levels of schooling. Flexibility and diversification of curricula, increased basic learning, better dissemination of knowledge, more-well-defined assessment, and guidance are teaching-oriented reforms used by Member States. School-based measures include stronger administrative roles, greater school autonomy, partnerships, and enhanced school life. Improvement can also come in teacher training, educational organization, and connections with the community. Help for students' families includes increasing family support and encouraging involvement in education. The pupil can be helped through specialized teaching, early detection of learning difficulties, tutoring, and afterschool assistance. (JPT)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: EURYDICE European Unit, Brussels (Belgium).