ERIC Number: ED354591
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Dec-12
The Effectiveness of Principal Leadership Style on Teacher Motivation.
Effective schools research affirms that good principal managerial and leadership skills are important to motivating teachers. A literature review reveals that early organization-behavior theory was dominated by the scientific-management movement in which the worker is a passive instrument of management. This was followed by increased concern with human motivation in organizations. Human-relations theory challenges the assumption that workers are motivated only by economic gain. Other research examined the human-resources model, contingency theory, and the nature of personnel management. Research suggests that administrators need to give teachers opportunities to perform professionally, perceive their role as important, and value improvement. Personal responsibility through participation in decision making and policy formulation motivates teachers and improves teachers' self-image. A survey of 30-40 graduate students at Chicago State University (Illinois) used a "Teacher Morale Survey" developed by the American Federation of Teachers to test the effect of principal leadership style on staff motivation. The results showed that teachers who work under democratic and transactional administrators do not have a significantly higher motivational level than those who work under dictatorial administrators. Further research is needed in this area utilizing a different instrument. (Contains 19 references.) (JPT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A