ERIC Number: ED354590
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Management of Educational Innovations: The "Six-A" Process Model.
Fung, Alex C. W.
The "Six-A" innovation model is developed from the theory that innovation is a learning process and not just an event as Fullan (1985, 1991), Beckhard and Harris (1977), Turrill (1986) and many others have advocated. Eleven sections compose this paper. The introduction gives a brief historical review of studies and research on education change. The next section explores educational change and innovation, its definitions and meanings. The third section explores why innovations fail and is followed by a section that elaborates further on theories of change, or changing. The fifth section concerns the current perspectives of change and explains five key convergent concepts on managing change. They are change and excellence, change as a learning process, change and people, change and culture, and change and leadership. Sections 6, 7, and 8 highlight the conceptual framework of the "Six-A" innovation model, presenting the two phases of innovation, the four-system framework of innovation, and the target of change in a user system. Section 9 deals with "facimilation"--a theory of changing and facilitating the assimilation of an educational innovation. Section 10 details the "Six-A" model--awareness, attitude formation, adoption, adaptation, action, and application. The three phases of initiation, assimilation, and institutionalization are addressed. A concluding section completes this paper. (Contains 64 references.) (RR)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Regional Conference of the Commonwealth Council for Educational Administration (7th, Hong Kong, August 17-21, 1992).