ERIC Number: ED354569
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Oct
The Effect of Computer-Generated Instructional Feedback and Videotape on the Speaking Performance of College Students in a Basic Speech Course.
Russell, Bruce W.
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a computer-generated feedback system when used in conjunction with an analysis of videotaped performances of students' speeches and model speeches. Subjects, 112 university students enrolled in 9 sections of a required undergraduate public speaking course, were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: group 1 received handwritten feedback before viewing their videotape; group 2 received handwritten feedback after viewing their videotape; group 3 received computer-generated feedback before viewing their videotape; and group 4 received computer-generated feedback after viewing their videotape. Each student was required to give five informative or persuasive speeches during the semester, the speeches increasing in length from one to two minutes for the first speech to six to seven minutes for the fourth speech and returning to the one-to-two-minute length for the fifth and final speech, which could be either persuasive or informative. Results indicated that: (1) the construct of modeling speech behavior and self-analysis of speech performance improved those speech skill traits that were easily observed, such as style, vocal, and gestural qualities; (2) the computer feedback method was more helpful than the handwritten feedback method in improving those observable speech skills; (3) neither treatment appeared to be significantly better in improving speaking skills on the non-observable speech skills of organization and development; and (4) receiving instructor feedback before or after self-analysis of the videotaped speech performance did not significantly benefit either treatment group on improving speech skill. (Five tables of data are included; 32 references, a chart presenting rating criteria, sample rating sheets, and a sample evaluation form are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revised version of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (78th, Chicago, IL, October 29-November 1, 1992).