ERIC Number: ED354469
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Using Education To Modify Students' Attitudes toward Rape.
Jones, Jayme M.; Muehlenhard, Charlene
The prevalence of rape points to a need for effective prevention strategies. Ultimately, however, preventing rape necessitates changing men's attitudes and behavior. This study investigated the effects of a lecture aimed at changing the attitudes of men. Also investigated were the effects of lecturer sex (male, female, or male-female team or no one--the no-lecture control condition) and lecture focus (blaming men or society for rape) on men's and women's attitudes toward rape. Participants were 229 men and 259 women enrolled in General Psychology classes. Questionnaires, which were submitted to all four groups about a month later for a seemingly unrelated study, included Burt's Adversarial Sexual Beliefs Scale, Acceptance of Interpersonal Violence Scale, Rape Myths Acceptance Scale, and Muehlenhard and Felts' Sexual Beliefs Scale. The classes received a lecture on rape as a normal part of the course; the lecture was given during regular class time and the students were unaware that the lecture was part of the study. Students rated the male lecturers as being more effective and fair than the female lecturers. Female students rated the lecturer as more fair and effective than did males, and females thought that men needed to change more than did males. Students who heard the lecture had attitudes that were significantly less tolerant of rape than did the no-lecture control classes. Both the sex of the lecturer and the type of the lecture had small and inconsistent effects. Females had attitudes that were less supportive of various rape myths than did males. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (100th, Washington, DC, August 14-18, 1992).