ERIC Number: ED354448
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov-12
Reference Count: N/A
Teacher Ratings and Achievement Measures of At-Risk Adolescent Black Males in the Positive Impact Program (PIP).
Cobbs, Charles R.; Enger, John M.
The Positive Impact Program (PIP) is a program that involves the community through role models as mentors in striving to meet the needs of at-risk students. The program is directed by 16 black men who work every week with school-age black males (N=18) who have been identified as being "at-risk" by their teachers. The teachers identified the students by the following characteristics: (1) low self-esteem; (2) lack of motivation; (3) poor academic record; (4) disciplinary problems; (5) poor school attendance; (6) poor social skills; (7) lack of respect for authority; and (8) poor hygiene. The data for the analysis were teacher ratings of the eight at-risk characteristics and measures of academic achievement over the past 2 years. Standardized test scores and class grades were the measures of academic achievement used in this investigation. Contrasts from Year 1 to Year 2 were made on all these measures using the dependent two-mean hypothesis test. These adolescent black males were further classified as "at-risk" or "not-at-risk" and if at-risk, whether or not they participated in PIP. In their classes the relative standing of these groups of junior high black males increased from Year 1 to Year 2 in achievement measured by standardized test scores. However, the average grades of all groups declined from Year 1 to Year 2. Second year teacher ratings indicated that the at-risk students showed overall improvement. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A