ERIC Number: ED354425
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Oct
A Two Year Study of Substance Use among Secondary Students: Analysis of Employment as a Variable.
Thompson, Jay C., Jr.; And Others
This study, based upon data collected during the 1991-92 academic year, is a follow-up and continuation of a study conducted during the previous 1990-91 academic year. The focus of the study is on substance use and this paper analyzes the responses of secondary school students who work. The 1992 study continued and supported the thesis that students who are employed during the school year are more susceptible to substance use than their non-working peers. This study was conducted using a 52-item survey questionnaire given in several individual school districts in a Midwestern suburban/rural setting. Secondary school students responded anonymously to the questionnaire resulting in a 1992 sample size of 5,639. Data results were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS-X) Program. Strong results were established for both the 1991 (N=7,426) and 1992 (N=5,639) studies. The 1992 study found strong relationships between use of tobacco and student employment, and marijuana use and employment. Alcohol continued to be the drug of choice among substances used. Employed students were more likely to use cocaine and crack than not employed students. Results in the 1992 study again statistically linked use of other substances (such as depressants, hallucinogens, etc.) with student employment. Employed students were significantly more likely to have friends who use tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs than students who are not employed. Employed students generally received lower grades on report cards than those not employed. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, October 14-17, 1992).