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ERIC Number: ED354418
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Gender Differences in the Structure of Career-Related Aspects.
Gati, Itamar; Givon, Michal
One of the sources for the observed differences between the occupational choices and preferences of women and men may be the way in which they perceive the considerations or aspects which are taken into account in the process of career decision making. That is, the different meanings men and women attribute to the various aspects may give rise to differences in their career preferences. An examination was made of the possible differences in the meanings attributed to career-related aspects by women and men. Monitored dialogues of 1,252 deliberating women and 751 deliberating men who used "MESHIV," a computer-assisted career guidance system, were analyzed. Subjects used MESHIV in one of eight locations in Israel (public or private career counseling centers) out of their own initiative as part of their career decision making process, or were introduced to it by their career counselor. During these dialogues the users reported their preferences in 43 considerations or aspects relevant for career decision making (e.g., indoor-outdoor, teamwork, prestige). A measure of similarity was developed and then computed in the pattern of preferences for each pair of aspects. Using cluster analyses of the preferences, the structure of aspects of men and women were obtained and compared. The obtained structures were found to be highly similar, which was interpreted as indicating that deliberating women and men attribute, in general, similar meaning to the aspects. These findings support, generally, the assumption which underlies computer-assisted career guidance systems, that the aspects have a general, agreed-upon meaning. Yet, a few but interpretable differences also emerged. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel