ERIC Number: ED354406
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Attainment and Economic Development: Pennsylvania's Young Workers in the 1990's.
De Jong, Gordon F.
According to March 1991 Current Population Survey data, 64 percent of young workers in Pennsylvania aged 15-39 have no more than a high school education. Pennsylvania is at some competitive economic development disadvantage compared to the national young adult labor force because of its lower share of more educated young workers with advanced skills. Educational attainment creates major differences in unemployment rates of young Pennsylvania workers, from 9.6 percent for high school dropouts to 4.4 percent for college graduates. The ability of the state's young workers to hold a full-time job improves with educational attainment, from 41 percent for high school dropouts, to 80 percent for high school graduates, to 88 percent for college graduates. Educational attainment is extremely important for obtaining a good job and for decent earnings. Nearly 64 percent of the state's college-educated young workers hold managerial or professional positions compared to fewer than 2 percent of high school dropouts. The average income of $25,004 for young workers with a college degree compares with an average of about $13,700 for young workers who stopped school with a high school degree and who completed some post-high school education. The poverty rate of high school dropouts is 20.3 percent, 2.8 percent for college graduates. (The narrative accompanies eight data tables.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, College Graduates, Dropouts, Economic Development, Educational Attainment, Educational Status Comparison, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, High School Graduates, Higher Education, Job Development, Postsecondary Education, Salaries, Secondary Education, Statewide Planning, Young Adults
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Population Research Inst.; Pennsylvania State Univ., Harrisburg. Pennsylvania State Data Center.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania