ERIC Number: ED354337
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Education and Training. Review of Experience. Latin America and the Caribbean.
Herschbach, Dennis R.; And Others
This report examines the problem of implementing and sustaining vocational education and training (VET) programs in developing countries. It is intended to provide U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) officers with operational guidelines for the development of future projects. In conducting the study, over 50 projects conducted by USAID from 1973 to 1989 were reviewed. Twenty-four of these were selected for intensive review, and two as case studies. Chapter I is an introduction which explains the purpose of the study, sources of information, definitions and the organization of the report. Chapter II outlines the issues surrounding investment decisions in VET and presents a framework for formulating vocational training policy based on consideration of two critical factors--implementing context and project complexity. Chapter III examines formal and nonformal training alternatives, focusing on benefits and implementing requirements. Chapter IV discusses how to improve training quality. It focuses on the key elements of training at the operational level--management development, instructional staff, and instructional resources. Next, it examines requirements of the overall training system in which individual programs operate. Chapter V analyzes benefits and constraints of each type of available funding: general public revenues, payroll taxes, user fees, and student loans. Chapter VI summarizes findings and conclusions. It offers recommendations for investment choices, with particular emphasis on the Latin American and Caribbean region, and provides guidelines for strengthening project design, with emphasis on improving quality and sustainability. Appendixes contain 127 references, a cursory review of 24 projects in VET, and 2 indepth case studies of projects in Honduras and Jamaica. (YLB)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Educational Finance, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational Quality, Federal Aid, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Investment, Job Training, Nonformal Education, Program Design, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, Program Improvement, Technical Assistance, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC. Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean.
Authoring Institution: Juarez and Associates, Inc., Los Angeles, CA.; Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC.; Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.