ERIC Number: ED354303
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
School-to-Work Transition: Alternatives for Educational Reform.
Smith, Clifton L.; Rojewski, Jay W.
Schools do a very poor job of preparing noncollege-bound youth to make the transition from high school to employment and adult life. A lack of formalized transition systems compounds the problems that many noncollege-bound youth encounter as they try to obtain meaningful, career-sustaining employment in primary labor markets. Various instructional alternatives can prepare students to make the transition from school to work: transitions for special populations, paid employment preparation/transition alternatives (such as apprenticeship, cooperative education, and entrepreneurship), and nonpaid employment preparation and transition alternatives (such as internships and practica, community-based volunteering, tech prep, mentoring, and simulations, shops, and labs). A synthesis of these preparation alternatives resulted in the identification of six key components that are needed for successful school-to-work transition programs: (1) coordinated, nonfragmented provision of appropriate services; (2) strong education-business partnerships resulting in paid work experiences; (3) relevance in the learning process through linkage of instruction and work; (4) early and continuing career counseling and guidance; (5) program accountability to students and community; and (6) a wide range of career/employment options available upon completion of transition services. Four desired outcomes for participants of transition programs are as follows: connecting theory with practice, developing personal and career maturity, gaining personal awareness, and attaining professional insight. (Contains 61 references.) (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Career Choice, Career Guidance, Cooperative Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Improvement, Employment Opportunities, Experiential Learning, High Schools, Noncollege Bound Students, Program Improvement, School Business Relationship, Transitional Programs, Unemployment, Work Experience Programs
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A