ERIC Number: ED354262
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Schematic Maps: Cognitive Tools for Enhancing the Early Stages of Counseling.
Peel, Jennifer L.; And Others
The utility of schematic maps as tools for the early stages of both peer counseling and self-counseling was explored in two studies. In experiment 1 (self-counseling), 42 students (18 males and 24 females) from undergraduate general psychology classes participated to fill course requirements. Participants were assigned to a schematic map or essay group. They first extracted information about their alcohol-related behavior patterns and then analyzed the patterns from the perspective of a counselor. In experiment 2 (peer counseling), 38 students (14 males and 24 females) from upper division psychology courses participated for extra credit. Participants were asked to evaluate behavior patterns, in the form of maps or essays, which were presented either in the same form as they were extracted, or were transposed to the other format. In both studies, assessment consisted of questionnaires that addressed the usefulness of the tools in the counseling process. Schematic maps are potentially powerful tools for both self-counseling and peer counseling. For self-counseling, maps were preferred over traditional essay writing. In addition, the subjective reaction to maps as tools for peer counseling was positive. Four figures illustrate the discussion. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A