ERIC Number: ED354260
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Chapter 1's Part in the Juggernaut of Standardized Testing.
Shepard, Lorrie A.
The place for standardized testing in Chapter 1 evaluation is discussed. There is substantial evidence available on the negative effects of high-stakes standardized testing, and there is a clear link between Chapter 1 requirements and the amount of testing in most school districts. Standardized testing is usually used to identify eligible students, evaluate the Chapter 1 program, and hold individual schools accountable. It is argued that each of these purposes can be served better by other means. Alternative assessments are needed for Chapter 1 use, but any such assessments must be removed from the tyranny of normal curve equivalent gains. Any system that is devised should be subjected to its own cost-benefit evaluation to determine the costs and side effects of program improvement monitoring. Five overhead projection figures used in the presentation are included. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Alternative Assessment, Compensatory Education, Cost Effectiveness, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Assessment, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Federal Programs, High Stakes Tests, Identification, Performance Based Assessment, Program Evaluation, Program Improvement, Standardized Tests, Student Evaluation, Test Results, Test Use, Testing Problems
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 1; Hawkins Stafford Act 1988