ERIC Number: ED354252
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Sep-3
Reference Count: N/A
Knowledge and Processes in Design. DPS Final Report.
Four papers from a project concerning information-processing characterizations of the knowledge and processes involved in design are presented. The project collected and analyzed verbal protocols from instructional designers, architects, and mechanical engineers. A framework was developed for characterizing the problem spaces of design that generalize across design tasks, based on task invariants, the invariants of the human information processor, and the logical structure of design. A protocol analysis technique had been used in three disparate design tasks (Attachments 1 and 2). The development of a computer simulation is presented as Attachment 3, and the issue of external representation is addressed in Attachment 4. The four attachments are: (1) "Motivating the Notion of Generic Design Within Information Processing Theory: The Design Problem Space" (Vinod Goel and Peter Pirolli); (2) "The Structure of Design Problem Spaces" (Vinod Goel and Peter Pirolli); (3) "The Structure of Ill-Structured Problem Solving in Instructional Design" (Peter Pirolli and Daniel Berger); and (4) "The Cognitive Role of Sketching in Problem Solving" (Vinod Goel). (SLD)
Publication Type: Collected Works - General; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Graduate School of Education.