ERIC Number: ED354212
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Education and Human Rights Violation in Guyana. Texas Papers on Latin America. Pre-publication Working Papers of the Institute of Latin American Studies, University of Texas at Austin. Paper No. 90-03.
Samaroo, Noel K.
Education plays a central role in contemporary social development and change. The educational system in a given society assumes a major role in human development by making available to the individual the necessary equipment for interfacing with the network of social relations. In both developed and developing countries, education increasingly has been considered an essential individual right. The situation in Guyana illustrates the issue of human rights violation in education. There, despite the Compulsory Education Act of 1876, an entrenched plantation system obstructed the growth of mass education until after 1940. More recently, a deep and chronic economic crisis has forced a reduction in social spending in Guyana, particularly in the area of education. At the same time, the government has replaced meaningful instructional programs with military training and mass games of dubious educational content in the interest of promoting ideological and propaganda goals. Guyana compares poorly with its Carribean neighbors in academic achievement, and enrollment has fallen over time. Human rights violations exist in virtually every aspect of the Guyanese educational system. Malnutrition is severe among students and transportation to and from schools is lacking. In developing countries, and in Guyana in particular, where masses of people are engaged in the business of survival, there is little margin for contributing to the enrichment of society. A 42-item list of references is attached. (LBG)
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Outcomes of Education, Propaganda, Student Development
Office of Outreach, Institute of Latin American Studies, Sid Richardson Hall 1.310, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Inst. of Latin American Studies.
Identifiers - Location: Guyana