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ERIC Number: ED354156
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Ideas Used by British and North American School Children To Interpret the Phenomenon of Decay: A Cross-Cultural Study.
Leach, John T.; And Others
This document presents the results of three studies about how children interpret observations of the biological phenomena of decay. The objectives of this report were to: (1) document and compare the ideas used by elementary school children in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada; (2) document how these ideas changed from age 5 to 16; and (3) consider how an understanding of student ideas is helpful to teachers and curriculum designers in planning science curriculum relating to decay and cycling of matter. The methodologies and aims of the work differ in each country but are cited as complementary. In the United Kingdom, two instruments were administered to a sample (n=292) drawn from state schools, in the age range 8-16. These instruments included a writing task and interview (with photograph props); and video tape viewing followed by writing task. In the United States, the population sample (n=149), age range 5-16, was privately interviewed and audio-tape recorded. In Canada, the video instrument administered in the United Kingdom was used with students (n=125) in grades two (age 7-8) and five (age 10-12). These students were interviewed after the video tape presentation. The results conveyed many explanations of decay phenomena that made scant reference to microbial decay and cycling of matter, with a high level of relevant experiences of decay phenomena reported by the majority of students at all levels. Educational implications discussed include: (1) curriculum design, (2) planning for teaching, (3) and the classroom environment. (Contains 18 references.) (MCO)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; United Kingdom (England); United States