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ERIC Number: ED354138
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov-10
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Linking Inputs and Outcomes: Achievement among Economically Disadvantaged Appalachian Middle Grades Students.
Henry, Kenneth J.; And Others
This paper examines school, family, and community factors related to the academic success of economically disadvantaged Appalachian students. In two middle schools in Appalachian Kentucky and Tennessee, 245 students who received free or reduced-price school lunches completed the Rural School Success Inventory (RSSI) and a writing sample about aspirations and world view. Academically successful students were defined as having both a grade point average above 2.5 and an average standardized test score above the 50th percentile. Results of the writing sample indicate that at both schools, the majority of students wanted to attend college, to marry in their early twenties, to obtain a good-paying job, and to reside in another state. On the RSSI, economic characteristics had little power to differentiate high and low achievers, but family interactions were critical factors linked to school performance. These factors include: student participation in family activities, the parent-student relationship, and the emphasis placed on education by the family (as evidenced by parent involvement at school, parent educational attainment, reading at home, and studying with siblings). At the Tennessee school, high achievers were more likely to be involved in extracurricular activities and to live close to school. (Contains 51 references.) (SV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky; Tennessee