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ERIC Number: ED354129
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-May
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
American Indians Today.
Snipp, C. Matthew
This paper reviews American Indian demography and the political and economic conditions on Indian reservations. After collapsing during the 19th century, the American Indian population grew gradually during the early 20th century, approaching 2 million in 1990. American Indians are heavily concentrated in the West, northern Midwest, and Oklahoma; about half live on or near reservations. The Indian population comprises over 300 tribes and is extremely diverse, but social and economic disadvantages are a common denominator. High school dropout rates are alarmingly high, as are poverty and unemployment rates. The current economic circumstances of American Indians in many ways reflect a long history of federal efforts to exterminate, subordinate, or assimilate them. These efforts are reflected in five eras of federal-Indian relations: removal, allotment, the Indian New Deal, termination and relocation, and self-determination. Today, many tribes have assumed substantial control over education, human services, and natural resources on their reservations. Economic development and eventual financial independence are being pursued as an alternative to uncertain federal aid. Many reservations have substantial resources in agricultural land, timber, water, and minerals. The 24 tribal colleges are playing a key role in human resource development. Economic development strategies include tribal businesses, attracting outside industries, entrepreneurship, legal gambling, and taking advantage of treaty rights. (SV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: In: National Rural Studies Committee: A Proceedings of the Annual Meeting (5th, Las Vegas, New Mexico, May 14-16, 1992); see RC 018 967.