ERIC Number: ED354119
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Rural Underclass: Examination of Multiple-Problem Populations in Urban and Rural Settings. Staff Working Papers.
O'Hare, William P.; Curry-White, Brenda
This study uses data from the U.S. Census' 1980 and 1990 Current Population Survey to examine characteristics of the underclass populations in rural and urban areas. The analysis assesses changes of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan underclass populations between 1980 and 1990, with special attention to race and geographic area. Underclass populations are defined as adults who: (1) have not completed high school; (2) receive public assistance; and (3) are single mothers or long-term unemployed. The prevalence of the underclass in rural areas (2.4%) was less than that in central cities (3.4%), but significantly higher than the level in suburban areas (1.1%). The rural poverty rate, like that of central cities, is above the national average. In rural areas, 55 percent of the underclass population is white, compared with only 17 percent in the cities. Females account for 47 percent of the rural underclass, compared with 60 percent in central cities. The rural underclass has proportionately fewer young adults (48%) and more people of preretirement age (59%). The likelihood of underclass membership among rural minorities (Blacks and Hispanics) is higher than it is for those in central cities. The rural underclass is highly concentrated in the South, whereas the urban underclass is evenly divided among census regions. The data support the idea of a black underclass migration from the rural South to Northern cities. This data requires further testing before any conclusions can be drawn. (TES)
Descriptors: Black Population Trends, Census Figures, Dropouts, Economic Factors, Economic Status, Economically Disadvantaged, Females, Low Income Groups, Lower Class, Population Trends, Poverty, Racial Distribution, Regional Characteristics, Rural Areas, Rural Urban Differences, Unemployment, Welfare Recipients
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.