ERIC Number: ED353949
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Oct-24
The Impact on Higher Education. Part of a Symposium: Funding Shortfalls and Their Impact on Policy Making in the 1990's.
Petry, John R.; Kenney, Gordon E.
This paper examines the impact on higher education of funding shortfalls that are due to significant reductions of college budgets by state legislatures and that result in trimming of services and laying off of employees. First, an overview of national trends and statistics describes retrenchment as a key institutional response. A look at some shortfalls in states of the Southern Regional Educational Board follows. Next, an in-depth examination of the effect of shortfalls in Tennessee is offered. This analysis details recent budget figures and changes and describes some of the strategies being considered to respond to the crisis. Those strategies include freezing salary levels, restricting benefits programs for state employees (including tuition benefits at state institutions), hiring freezes, purchasing freezes, travel limits for faculty, and delay of essential construction projects. The next section speculates that such measures might result, over time, in scaling back of program offerings, a redefinition of degree requirements, elimination of programs with low productivity, and the coalescing of small departments. Also explored are the possible effects of shortfalls on professional and nonprofessional staffing, on creativity, and on research. In addition the paper raises a number of questions including: Whether and when funds will be restored; Whether there will be an award for efficiency in managing an institution successfully through a crisis; Whether there will be a monitoring that determines no real conservator among the many managers; and What models will be used by which to establish standards. A conclusion offers six recommendations. (Contains 26 references.) (JB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee