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ERIC Number: ED353826
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Dec-11
Pages: 45
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Foreigner Talk of a Family Physician: An Observational Study.
Nelson, Dana Kristine
A study analyzed the characteristics of one male physician's foreigner talk over the telephone with non-native speakers (NNSs) of English and compared it to that of native speakers (NSs). The conversations all related to requests that patients come into the office for a periodic, preventative physical exam. Data came from tape recordings of the physician's portion of the conversations, 10 with NSs and 11 with NNSs. Language used was analyzed phonologically (with a computerized spectrogram), syntactically (by identification of specific grammatical features, including omissions, expansions, replacements, and rearrangements), and semantically (by counting number of repetitions, restatements, and offers of definition). Analysis revealed clearly different patterns of speech for the two groups. The subject's speech to NNSs was characterized by: greater speed, more false starts, fewer repetitions, slightly fewer vocalized pauses and hesitations, more careful pronunciation, more syllable-timed stress, more ungrammatical structures, more questions, and more repetitions, restatements, and offerings of definitions with this group. Humor and idioms were used exclusively with NSs. The most surprising results were the nonstandard stress timing and grammar used with NNSs. Results supported some previous research and conflicted with others. It is concluded that a broader base of foreigner talk is needed before generalizations are made. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A