ERIC Number: ED353778
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov
Intercommunicative and Intercultural Competence.
Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove; Phillipson, Robert
A framework is presented for analyzing the role of communicative and intercultural competence and their teachability in second language instruction. First, several problematic communication situations are examined in which: (1) a native English speaker and native Danish speaker with limited English converse; (2) native speakers of two languages converse, each using his native language (Swedish and English) and understanding the other language; and (3) native speakers of two languages (Swedish and Chinese) using a third (English) to communicate. Six specific sample situations are discussed. The concepts of communicative and cultural competence are then defined and their teachability and interrelationship are investigated. It is concluded that, contrary to conventional wisdom, knowledge of a language and culture, and sometimes even mastery of specific behaviors, does not necessarily lead to well-functioning communication. In addition, sometimes lack of mastery of an affective cultural component and very often lack of metacommunicative and metacultural awareness may even prevent people from using their linguistic or cultural knowledge and behaving appropriately, either linguistically or culturally. A 14-item bibliography is included. (MSE)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In Cultilingualism--Papers in Culture and Communicative (In)competence. ROLIG-papir 28; see FL 020 191.