ERIC Number: ED353732
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-May
Social Aspects of Literacy Acquisition and Use.
Wikelund, Karen Reed
This paper reviews the research on the social dimensions of literacy acquisition and use, and applies conclusions to the provision of improved literacy training for adults and young people with hearing impairments. Discussion of the social context of literacy considers the ethnography of communication, literacy as cultural practice, and literacy as a collaborative social activity. A comparative study of literacy among adults in three ethnic American communities is reported, demonstrating that literacy is manifested as a set of culturally patterned practices. The need for three kinds of knowledge (technological knowledge, functional knowledge, and social meaning knowledge) for practical literacy is noted. Studies of the early childhood context of literacy acquisition and of the social contexts of adolescent literacy are also reviewed. Suggested applications include stressing the daily communicative functions of literacy; providing tutoring services for street youth in their own milieu; working with the whole person, especially with adolescents with low basic skills; spending a high proportion of time actually reading and writing and discussing what is read and written; building on background information and experience; and integrating speaking and listening with reading and writing. Implications for hearing-impaired adolescents are identified. (Contains 71 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Influences, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Principles, Ethnic Groups, Functional Literacy, Hearing Impairments, Knowledge Level, Literacy Education, Minority Groups, Reading Instruction, Secondary Education, Social Influences, Teaching Methods, Writing Instruction
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Literacy and the Hearing Impaired Conference Proceedings (Washington, DC, May 18-20, 1989); see EC 301 760.