ERIC Number: ED353670
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-6
The Changing Role of the Local School District Superintendent in the United States. Occasional Papers: School Leadership and Education Reform. OP #2.
Crowson, Robert L.; Glass, Thomas E.
The changing role of the local school district superintendent is examined in this paper, which focuses on the link between the local education executive officers and school effectiveness. It is argued that the concept of the superintendency has changed from that of a manager to that of the leader of school district quality and effectiveness. Four directions of emerging research support this conclusion: (1) executive leadership has an impact on school effectiveness; (2) superintendency success stories are worth noting and replicating; (3) superintendents must understand organizational dynamics in order to balance chief executive officer (CEO) leadership with empowerment reform; and (4) the political and environmental contexts affect the superintendency. Evidence of the new role is found in the current press toward improved CEO training. It is concluded that whatever reforms transpire in CEO training, there will surely be a renewed emphasis on the practical realities of leading schools toward quality improvement in the workplace. A 78-item bibliography is included. (LMI)
Descriptors: Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Role, Elementary Secondary Education, Leadership Styles, Leadership Training, Management Development, Organizational Climate, Organizational Effectiveness, School Effectiveness, Superintendents
National Center for School Leadership, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1208 W. Springfield Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801 ($4).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for School Leadership, Urbana, IL.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).