ERIC Number: ED353668
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Quantitative Findings Regarding School Leadership and School Climate. Occasional Papers: School Leadership and Education Reform. OP #5.
Krug, Samuel E.
Uses of quantitative research for studying the relationship between school leadership and educational reform are discussed in this paper. Perceived inadequacies of quantitative methods are that such methods are inadequate for dealing with real-life complex phenomena, and that they require degrees of control that cannot be realistically achieved. Valid criticisms are that quantitative methods lack comprehensiveness and depth, "significant" results are practically trivial, and quantitative designs have failed to meet fundamental requirements of quantitative methods. However, the quantitative study of school leadership and school climate has found that: (1) teachers perceive a close relationship between leadership and climate; (2) perceptions of the school by students, teachers, and administrators are independent and interrelated; and (3) student disenchantment with school increases with increasing grade levels. Qualitative methods offer the first and necessary step of description; however, quantitative research is needed to identify predictor variables and develop theoretical models. Two tables and one figure are included. (Contains 8 references.) (LMI)
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Leadership, Qualitative Research, Research Design, Research Methodology, Research Needs, Research Problems, Statistical Analysis
National Center for School Leadership, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1208 W. Springfield Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801 ($4).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for School Leadership, Urbana, IL.