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ERIC Number: ED353594
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Dec-7
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Response to Literature: A Retrospective Look at the Research.
Armstrong, Karen
A study investigated the phenomenon "response to literature" through the window of language to determine how different researchers assigned meaning to this central concept in twentieth century research. The benchmark conceptions of the terms "literature" and "response" (with which the research conceptions could be compared) were delineated. The choices of the researcher appeared to be three: to focus either on the text, on the reader, or on the response process itself. Two hundred and fourteen studies which explored the responses of subjects 18 years of age or older were examined to determine the general emphasis towards conceptions of "literature" and "response." Three primary categories of response emerged: text-oriented, reader-oriented, and response-oriented. Prior to the war years of the 1940s, the focus of research was text-oriented. During the 1950s, there was an uneasy equilibrium between text- and reader-oriented studies. The 1960s witnessed a research focus on the reader. During the 1970s and 1980s, the predominant research orientation turned to a transactional or response-centered focus. Findings refute the common perception of a confused plurality of research results and suggests evidence of a shift in focus from the text to the reader to the response process itself. (One summary table of research characteristics is included; 50 references are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A