ERIC Number: ED353572
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Book Club Discussions: A Case Study of Five Students Constructing Themes from Literary Texts. Elementary Subjects Center Series No. 72.
McMahon, Susan I.
A study investigated the development of theme as five fifth-grade students read children's literature, recorded their responses in logs, and discussed their ideas in small, student-led peer groups. The five students met together as one group over the course of 5 weeks as they read historical fiction focused on Japan during World War II. Data included student logs, transcripts of their discussions, field notes, and student interviews. Results indicated: (1) student thinking about themes presented by texts varied over time; (2) instruction played a key role in the development of response; (3) students needed multiple means through which to express their response and developing ideas about theme; and (4) teachers need not dominate student interactions to insure they comprehend text and develop a sense of relevant themes. Findings suggest that students' ideas, as represented through their logs and discussions, develop as a result of increased opportunities to read, write, think about, and discuss the ideas presented in texts and that instruction should include such opportunities within reading programs. (Three tables representing original and revised predictions of students about the stories they read and five figures of students' drawings of events in the stories are included; 61 references and an explanation of transcript notations are attached.) (Author/RS)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Childrens Literature, Discourse Analysis, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Grade 5, Intermediate Grades, Peer Groups, Reader Response, Reading Instruction, Reading Research, Student Journals, Teacher Role, Whole Language Approach
Center for the Learning and Teaching of Elementary Subjects, Institute for Research on Teaching, 252 Erickson Hall, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1034 ($5).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for the Learning and Teaching of Elementary Subjects, East Lansing, MI.