ERIC Number: ED353535
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Race and Sex Differences in Medical Students' Experiences of Stress.
Previous research has shown that women and minority medical students experience stresses not observed in their white male peers. This study examined the combined effects of race and sex on the stress manifested in a diverse longitudinal sample of medical students from two medical schools. Students (N=259, an 82.7% response rate) in the first year classes completed questionnaires requesting demographic information, assessing personality characteristics, stress experienced, styles of coping and adaptation including the use of social support systems, and physical and mental health. These students were asked to complete questionnaires during their third year of medical school, when the response rate dipped to 54% of the year 1 sample. A multivariate analysis of the dependent variables of anxiety, depression, and total perceived stress at two time points revealed that women of color had significantly higher scores on the anxiety measure in year 1, and on the anxiety and total stress measures in year 3. The results indicate the significance of the interaction of stressors related to race and sex on women of color, and reinforce the importance of examining such variables together, rather than in isolation. Further research should further elucidate the factors related to race and sex that contribute to student stress, and explore possible preventive measures to reduce such strains. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Poster presented to the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (100th, Washington, DC, August 14-18, 1992).