ERIC Number: ED353515
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug-16
Reference Count: N/A
Legal Perspectives on Services To Address Child Abuse and Neglect.
Lloyd, David W.
The first and central issue in children's services is the extent to which government may limit or supplant parental action in the control, nurture, and direction of children. Three major governmental approaches include prohibiting behavior; prescribing behavior; and taking direct protective action. There are two legal issues related to prevention of child maltreatment. First, government may use its power to spend to promote pro-social attitudes and values through public awareness campaigns for prevention. However, government may not ban anti-social attitudes and violence from the content of the media. Second, there is the issue of neonatal home visitation for prevention of maltreatment. Although it has been promoted this method raises significant issues of due process. Risk assessment for child protection is in a very rudimentary state. Much of the child welfare class action litigation has focused on the failure of the public child welfare agencies to use "reasonable efforts" to reunify families whose children are in foster care, or to terminate parental rights in a timely manner so that the child may be adopted. Poor families are disproportionately represented in the child protection and child welfare systems. In child protection systems in the year 2000 the emphasis will be on a private-public, community-based, multidisciplinary, coordinated approach to primary prevention. There will also be continued emphasis on a multidisciplinary approach to non-coercive secondary prevention. (ABL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Americana Psychological Association (100th, Washington, DC, August 14-18, 1992).