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ERIC Number: ED353511
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Peer Pressure & Modeling upon Attributions of Responsibility for Rape.
Drout, Cheryl; And Others
This study examined the relationship of social influence to attributions of responsibility for rape. Subjects, 86 male and female college students, the majority of whom were 18-22 years old, read a scenario describing an incident of rape at a fraternity party. Situations of varying presence and absence of modeling were portrayed, although in all scenarios the woman was raped by her partner and three fraternity brothers. Several measures were used to assess attributions of responsibility. Subjects were asked to rate the extent to which the perpetrator and the brothers were guilty of rape. Taken together the findings suggest that when rape occurs after the modeling of the same behavior toward the same victim by others, the perpetrator is judged to be more guilty, more callous toward the victim, and more deserving of punishment than when the same behavior occurs without such social influence. The fact that allowing oneself to be influenced by peer pressure does not result in the perception of greater guilt, callousness, and punishability suggests that these assessments are not elicited by the perpetrator's malleability in the face of social influence. In addition, results reveal that changes in the level of social influence acting upon the perpetrator can affect the perceptions of the victim's role in the incident even when the victim's own behavior is held constant. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A