ERIC Number: ED353510
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Efficacy, Self-Evaluation, and Social Loafing.
Susman, Ellen B.; Sanna, Lawrence J.
This study examined the effect of efficacy expectancy and valence of expected evaluation on social loafing (the tendency to put forth less effort when working collectively than when working individually) among 120 undergraduate students. Participants completed the Remote Associates Test. Efficacy expectancies were manipulated by varying preliminary task difficulty. Outcome expectancies were manipulated by varying the potential for self- and experimenter-evaluation on a second task. In the high-efficacy condition, participants in each of the evaluation conditions performed better than when no evaluation was possible. In the low-efficacy condition, participants in each of the evaluation conditions performed worse than when no evaluation was possible. Although previous research has shown that the valence of expected experimenter evaluation can produce differential effects on performance, this study suggests that these effects can be obtained for the valence of self-evaluation as well, even in the absence of experimenter evaluation. Findings suggest that a self-efficacy framework can account for loafing effects on both simple and complex tasks. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A