ERIC Number: ED353508
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Sexual Orientation Disclosure to Parents: Problem Solving and Social Support.
Leavech, April; And Others
A study of gay men and their experiences of "coming out" to their parents found that both the mother's and father's reported level of education and religious orthodoxy significantly predicted the relationship change between the mother or the father and the self-disclosing son. This study sought to broaden the available database by sampling both gay males (N=75) and lesbian females (N=28), and by evaluating how differences in various factors (social support, personal problem solving skills, and family problem solving skills) might differ for those who have, versus those who have not, disclosed their sexual orientation to their parents. Subjects completed an 8-page booklet containing questions about demographic characteristics, various Likert-type scales assessing parental relationship variables, the Personal Problem Solving Inventory, the Family Problem Solving subscale of the McMaster Family Assessment Device, the Gay Lifestyle Satisfaction Scale, the Provision of Social Relations Scale, and the Religious Orthodoxy Scale. Data were analyzed according to whether participants had chosen to disclose their sexual orientation to their parents. Females who had not disclosed rated their families as possessing poor problem solving skills. Neither current parental relationships nor personal problem solving skills were predictive of life style satisfaction, while a measure of social support was related. Only temporary changes in parental relationships were reported following disclosure. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (100th, Washington, DC, August 14-18, 1992).