ERIC Number: ED353445
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Dec
Testing and Assessment in Secondary Education: A Critical Review of Emerging Practices.
Hill, Clifford; Larsen, Eric
A study of assessment practices focused on vocational schools, especially those concerned with developing generic workplace skills, as well as comprehensive secondary schools that are developing closer relations with the workplace. The major reasons for educational testing in secondary schools are managing student learning, monitoring educational systems, and evaluating students for institutional purposes. Principles that are frequently used in discussions of testing and assessment policy are excellence, equity, and efficiency. These three qualities are better accomplished with authentic assessment, which does the following: (1) requires students to construct responses rather than select among preexisting options; (2) elicits higher order thinking in addition to basic skills; (3) uses direct assessment of holistic projects; (4) is integrated with classroom instruction; (5) uses samples of student work collected over an extended period of time; (6) is based on clear criteria of which students are made aware; (7) allows for the possibility of multiple human judgments; and (8) is more closely related to classroom learning. Three fundamental goals of education that authentic assessment can help to achieve are reforming curriculum and instruction, improving teacher morale and performance, and strengthening student commitment and capacity for self-monitoring. Compared to conventional testing, authentic assessment that teaches students how to monitor their own work makes far greater demands on both students and teachers. However, given the demands of the future workplace, internal evaluation and self-monitoring are increasingly critical skills. (Contains 126 references.) (CML)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Educational Testing, Grades (Scholastic), Grading, Holistic Evaluation, Job Skills, Outcomes of Education, Performance Based Assessment, Portfolios (Background Materials), Secondary Education, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Student Evaluation, Vocational Schools, Work Sample Tests
NCRVE Materials Distribution Service, 46 Horrabin Hall, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455 (order no. MDS-237: $5.25).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.