ERIC Number: ED353419
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare to Work. States Serve Least Job-Ready while Meeting JOBS Participation Rates. Report to the Honorable Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
A review was conducted of two issues related to the participation rate requirements of the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) component of the Family Support Act of 1988: (1) the extent to which states have served those most at risk of long-term welfare dependency--the least job-ready--relative to other Aid for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients; and (2) the extent to which states have provided this targeted group of welfare recipients with education and training rather than job search activities for fiscal year 1991. Data reviewed included reports of monthly data for October 1990 through September 1991 for 49 states and the District of Columbia reported to the Department of Health and Human Services. These reports included information on the number of target and nontarget group families served each month, as well as on the placement of these families in the various JOBS activities available. Some of the results of the evaluation were the following: (1) concerns that JOBS participation-rate requirements may be discouraging states from serving the least job-ready AFDC recipients, including providing them with education and training, are not supported by the review of data--all but one state met the 7 percent participation rate and all spent at least 55 percent of their JOBS budgets on target group members; (2) of the AFDC recipients served by states in JOBS during the period, 62 percent were target group members; (3) these target group members were most often placed in education and training activities, with no more than 12 percent placed in job search activities; and (4) one in three target placements, compared with one in four nontarget placements, were in secondary and remedial educational activities. (KC)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Compliance (Legal), Disadvantaged, Eligibility, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Job Training, Participation, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Welfare Recipients
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.