ERIC Number: ED353313
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
The Development of an Instrument: Perceptions of Principals toward Educational Vouchers.
Scriber, Charles R.; And Others
An instrument was developed to measure the perceptions of principals toward problems related to educational vouchers (EVs). Thirty-four items concerning freedom of choice, equalization, segregation, church and state issues, and enrollment and recruitment were originally chosen through a literature review. Seventeen graduate students in administration and supervision rated the instrument's content, clarity, format, and readability well. In March of 1992, formal validation involved submitting the instrument to 44 school administrators (31 from Louisiana and 13 from Mississippi) to assess the face validity. After 2 weeks, the Louisiana group received the instrument a second time as the posttest. The pre and post pilot data were factor analyzed. Five factors (attitude/perception toward EVs, institutional effect of EVs, effect of EVs on educational standards, effect of EVs on privatization, and effect of EVs on enrollment) were analyzed for reliability. A block of items was removed that did not contribute to internal consistency, reducing the number of items to 18. In July of 1992, reliability and validation with factor analysis were performed on the revised instrument using a pilot study of 44 graduate students. A consistency analysis was done. Perceptions about EVs are based on at least two underlying factors that have sweeping implications for schools and communities. Two complications presented by the EV system (administrative perceptions and institutional effect) can now be measured and addressed using the developed instrument. Four tables are included. (RLC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Knoxville, TN, November 11-13, 1992).