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ERIC Number: ED353280
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Richard Paul's Strong Sense Critical Thinking and Procedural Knowing: A Comparison.
Thayer-Bacon, Barbara
The levels of critical thinking proposed by R. Paul are described and his theory is compared with that of the procedural knowing approach of M. F. Belenky, B. M. Clinchy, N. R. Goldberger, and J. M. Tarule (1986). The distinction between strong sense and weak sense critical thinking is unique to Paul and central to his theory. Critical thinking in the strong sense expects a person to have insight into his or her own cognitive and affective processes, to be able to reason across categories, and to see other viewpoints. Strong sense and weak sense critical thinking require better definition to elucidate the theory, but one can find the possibility of a feminine perspective in Paul's theory. In the thinking of Belenky and others, procedural knowledge is a category of epistemology that relates to Paul's theory. Both forms of critical thinking are forms of procedural knowledge. Paul has essentially pointed out the two ways of procedural knowing that Belenky and others recognize, and has supported connected knowing rather than separated knowing, although he has not discussed the constructed knowledge they define. Critical thinking involves becoming aware of one's deepest held assumptions, and learning to use one's critical skills on these assumptions. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A