ERIC Number: ED353215
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Informal Logic and Applied Epistemology. Resource Publication Series 3, No. 4.
Informal logic, developed in response to the shortcomings of standard introductory college logic courses, stands between formal logic and critical thinking and is consequently subject to two opposing tensions. The first of these tensions concerns analogues to formal principles, context-independent criteria for identifying and assessing arguments. The second demands that informal logicians offer an educational program that is of general utility, enabling students better to assess arguments both in their courses of study and in their everyday lives. Informal logic must move beyond the logical to embrace applied epistemology, the study of the epistemologies in use in the various domains of human understanding, in order to ground the assessment of arguments as they occur in the various domains. This paper is an attempt to move informal logic and critical thinking conceived of as informal logic away from a priorism characteristic of formal logic and towards a methodical and epistemological stance that more adequately reflects the range of practices in knowledge gathering. Informal logic/critical thinking must include awareness and practice in the complexity of arguments embedded in various disciplinary practices. If students are to be helped to think critically they must learn to access relevant information, apply appropriate methodical principles, and look to analyses of issues that reflect the most appropriate methodology in many domains. (IAH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Montclair State Coll., Upper Montclair, NJ. Inst. for Critical Thinking.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: For other documents in this series, see SP 034 164-166.