ERIC Number: ED353121
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Sweat Lodge Ceremony in Challenge/Adventure Programming.
Quinn, William J.; Smith, Thomas E.
This paper advocates the potentials of "sweat lodge" rituals for adventure education programs. Historically, rituals and ceremonies have been instrumental in passing major philosophical and sociological paradigms from one generation to the next. However, there is little theory and research about how ritual and ceremony results in the transmission of, or the discovery of, new knowledge and values. A number of groups sponsored by various growth and educational movements of the 1980's have made use of the Native American sweat lodge experience. "Sweats" were offered as a socialization experience for improving group cohesiveness and interpersonal bonding. Using this ritual requires careful preprogram planning and in-depth understanding of the sweat lodge and possible ramifications. For the Native Americans, the sweat lodge was an important part of life and was used for basic bathing, socialization, evening warmth, celebration, and preparation for war, hunting, marriage, or passage into adulthood. An issue to consider regarding wide-spread use of the sweat lodge by non-natives is whether it is ethical to incorporate sacred Native American ritual and ceremony into practices for facilitating personal growth and learning. Several representative Native Americans now feel that the time has come for sharing and teaching all peoples about their traditions and the benefits of these traditions. (LP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A