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ERIC Number: ED353110
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Oct
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Exploring the Foundations of Philosophy of Natural Education.
McGough, David J.
This paper explores the historical and philosophical basis of naturalistic education. The exploration focuses on prominent epistemological views of the relationship between sensation and thought. Three time periods of intellectual study were considered: (1) the classical period during which Plato established the model for philosophic inquiry and introduced dualism and Aristotle provided the basis for realism; (2) the Christian period during which St. Augustine established the core of Christian theological supernaturalism and Aquinas blended Christian and Aristotelian thought; and (3) the modern period during which Locke introduced scientific thinking into philosophy, Rousseau established naturalistic ideology into conventional thought, and Dewey formalized a naturalistic, organic philosophy. Connected views of educational theory and practice are also examined, including: (1) classical education for the privileged class which focused on practical skills or oratory or conceptual intellectual abilities; (2) formal Christian education that was used as a means of religious indoctrination focusing on spiritual salvation; and (3) modern education that has focused more on individual, natural development and is moving toward teaching a process of inquiry instead of traditional procedures of action and reaction. This paper suggests that Western educational thought has moved in general accordance with philosophical thought and has become more humanly central. (LP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A