ERIC Number: ED353102
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Metro/Nonmetro Funding Allocation Under Title II-A, Job Training Partnership Act.
Redman, John M.
The Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) Title II-A program is the main federal effort to enhance the employability of economically disadvantaged youths and adults. The amount of funds allotted to each state is determined by a formula that allocates two-thirds of available funds on the basis of relative unemployment levels and one-third on the basis of the number of disadvantaged persons in each state. This allocation formula produced a rise in expenditures per member of the civilian labor force and expenditures per disadvantaged person in Service Delivery Areas (SDA's) in rural areas between July 1987 and June 1988. This was due to the unusually high unemployment rates experienced by many nonmetro areas at the time. The current regional distribution of JTPA funds was compared with distributions obtained from application of two alternative formulas using measures of economic disadvantage (unweighted and weighted by the poverty rates). Application of either alternative produced a substantial reallocation of program activity among regions. Under either alternative, however, the New York/New Jersey region would receive substantially larger allocations, and the industrial Midwest would experience a substantial reduction. If one used the number of disadvantaged living in the SDA as the sole allocation criterion, metro SDA's enjoyed a measurable increase in JTPA funds. Metro/nonmetro differences in unemployment rates have been steadily diminishing. Therefore, nonmetro areas may be better served during the 1990's by a new funding formula emphasizing poverty rates more than unemployment rates. The report contains numerous tables. (KS)
Descriptors: Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Federal Programs, Financial Support, Job Training, Poverty, Resource Allocation, Rural Economics, Rural Urban Differences, Unemployment
ERS-NASS, P.O. Box 1608, Rockville, MD 20849-1608 (AGES 9071, $8).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Agriculture and Rural Economy Div.