ERIC Number: ED353099
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Indian Children in Ontario's Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems, 1983-1984.
Ontario Native Council on Justice, Toronto.
This fact sheet documents the overrepresentation of status Indian youth in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems of Ontario (Canada). Data are limited to children and youth, age 0-19, whose parents resided on an Indian reserve; who were dealt with by the family court (not criminal court); and whose disposition was probation, training school, observation and detention facility, or care of a Children's Aid Society. Status youth from 26 Indian bands and non-status Indian and Metis youth are not included. As of March 1984, status Indian youth (1.15% of Ontario's juvenile population) constituted 2.1% of all youth on probation, 2.6% of all youth in observation and detention homes or in Children's Aid facilities, and 3.4% of all youth in training schools. Compared to the situation reported for March 1982, the percentage of training school youth that are status Indians nearly doubled, and percentages in other categories also increased somewhat. In 1983-84, the rate of involvement of status Indian youth was about 2-4 times that of the total population. Nevertheless, the relatively low absolute numbers of status Indian children creates difficulties in justifying to government the need for special programs for these children. A more accurate reflection of the reality should be gained by tracking "Native" young people, including both status and nonstatus Indians, plus Metis and Inuits. (SV)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Canada Natives, Child Welfare, Children, Data Collection, Delinquency, Foreign Countries, Juvenile Courts, Juvenile Justice, Reservation American Indians
Ontario Native Council on Justice, 22 College St. #102, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1K6, Canada ($3 Canadian).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ontario Native Council on Justice, Toronto.
Identifiers - Location: Canada