ERIC Number: ED353098
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
The Florida Survey of Newly Legalized Persons.
Schilit, Jeffrey; Nimnicht, Glen
This study was conducted to gather more definitive information about aliens who were newly legalized under the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Two groups of eligible legal aliens were interviewed in Florida: those residing in the United States before 1982 (PRE-82s) and special agricultural workers (SAWs). The 1,300 subjects were asked questions on health, employment and income, education, language proficiency, and housing and transportation. The survey data were broken down by ethnic group (Haitian and Hispanic), gender, and interview site (adult-education centers and nonschool sites). The findings indicated that there were more differences based upon sex and ethnic group, than upon being a SAW or a PRE-82. The average level of schooling was significantly higher for Hispanic immigrants, with a positive relationship between school achievement, English proficiency, and employment. Unemployment had been suffered by 25 percent of the PRE-82s within the previous 6 months, a majority citing illness as the cause. SAWs tended to fall into lower- and middle-income brackets, while PRE-82s fell into the higher brackets. Lack of child care was highlighted as an employment-related problem, and an alarming number of aliens had no medical coverage. Implications of the study for adult education, language programs, and work are discusssed. (TES)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Agricultural Laborers, Demography, Economic Status, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Employment Patterns, Haitians, Health Insurance, Hispanic Americans, Immigrants, Income, Language Proficiency, Physical Health, Population Trends, Residential Patterns, Sex Differences, Surveys
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Florida State Dept. of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Tallahassee.
Authoring Institution: Florida Atlantic Univ., Boca Raton. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers - Location: Florida
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Immigration Reform and Control Act 1986