ERIC Number: ED353077
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Early Childhood Care and Education Reforms in New Zealand.
Garden, Carol F.
In response to parents' needs, New Zealand has developed a diverse range of early childhood care and education services. These services include kindergarten programs; child care centers with trained staff; play centers that are parent cooperatives; Te Kohanga Reo (Maori speaking centers) located on tribal property; home-based networks (clusters of homes under the supervision of chartered home-based care arrangers); preschool classes in primary schools; the early childhood department of the New Zealand Correspondence School; and play groups funded by the Early Childhood Development Unit. Although these services are commendable, there are problems of fragmentation, inequality, and unacceptable diversity in the range of standards within and between services. In 1988, the government of New Zealand focused on goals of equity, quality, efficiency, effectiveness, and economy in its early childhood services. Policies were set to establish: (1) regulations, codes of practice, charter guidelines, and state bulk grant funding for early childhood centers; (2) early childhood curriculum guidelines; and (3) a qualifications framework for early childhood education. In 1989, new agencies were established to implement these reforms, and since that time, the reforms have been successfully implemented. In spite of some difficulties in adjusting to changes in certain programs, most services have seen clear advantages from the reforms. (MM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand