ERIC Number: ED353009
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Two-Year Colleges. ERIC Digest.
ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.
Community colleges are publicly supported institutions offering comprehensive programs of career-related, remedial, and freshman and sophomore studies, along with community services. Technical institutes, on the other hand, primarily offer preparation for technological occupations, while junior colleges focus primarily on freshman and sophomore studies. Community colleges maintain low tuition and open admissions, offer many types of curricula, are responsive to the needs of the local community, provide programs for individuals of all ages and educational levels, and are adaptable to student differences and social change. In 1984, there were 1,219 community, junior, and technical colleges in the United States and its territories, of which 1,064 were public institutions. Two-year colleges offer vocational/occupational programs leading to an associate degree in applied science; transfer and liberal arts programs leading to an associate degree in science or the arts; community educational and personal interest courses; and remedial programs. Among all first-time, full-time freshmen in the United States in fall 1983, 40% were enrolled in two-year institutions. Two-year colleges enrolled 1.8 million full-time students in fall 1983. Among two-year college students, 53% were women, and the average age of students was between 28 and 31 years. There were a total of 251,606 faculty teaching at two-year colleges; of these, 57% were part-time instructors. In 1982-83, the average salary for assistant professors at public, two-year colleges was $20,761. In 1981-82, state funding accounted for 47.6% of public, two-year college operating expenses, while tuition accounted for another 16.2% of expenses. A list of two-year college organizations and publications, and 14 references are included. (PAA)
Descriptors: College Faculty, College Role, Community Colleges, Educational Finance, Enrollment, Institutional Characteristics, Private Colleges, Program Descriptions, Public Colleges, Public Support, Student Characteristics, Teacher Characteristics, Technical Institutes, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Reports - General; ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.