ERIC Number: ED352998
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
The Academic Crisis of the Community College.
McGrath, Dennis; Spear, Martin B.
In an effort to understand and unify competing voices, which on one hand defend and seek to preserve the open-access college and on the other hand point to concomitant tensions, dilemmas, and uncertainties and call for reform, this book examines the achievements of community colleges, as well as the lingering problems that undercut those achievements. Following an introduction, Chapter 1, "The Problem of the Academic Culture," reviews a number of important writings on the history and development of community colleges, and traces the evolution of organizational culture. Chapter 2, "The Remedialization of the Community College," describes the gradual replacement of rigorous academic practices with remedial programs. Chapter 3, "Disorder in the Curriculum," examines traditional models of curricula and instruction and describes how they inhibit educational reform. Chapter 4, "The Lure of General Education," argues that the general educational model inherited from four-year institutions is not applicable to the two-year college student. Chapter 5, "The Confusion of Writing Agendas," describes oversights in the current push to improve humanities instruction, and examines the debate over what constitutes academic literacy. Chapter 6, "What's Wrong with Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC)?" argues that WAC programs contribute to the dissolution of disciplinary norms and weaken the distinctive approaches of disciplines in community colleges. Chapter 7, "The New Professoriate of Community Colleges," describes how a weak and disordered intellectual culture has emerged among faculty in two-year colleges. An afterword presents recommendations for rebuilding the faculty intellectual culture, confronting academic disarticulation, and reordering the curriculum. A 168-item bibliography is included. (PAA)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Access to Education, College Faculty, College Role, Community Colleges, Culture, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Trends, Models, Nontraditional Students, Open Enrollment, Organizational Climate, Remedial Instruction, Remedial Programs, Role of Education, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges, Writing Across the Curriculum
State University of New York Press, c/o CUP Services, P.O. Box 6525, Ithaca, NY 14851 ($12.95 paper).
Publication Type: Reports - General; Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Albany.