ERIC Number: ED352923
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of the Paradigmatic Evolution of U.S. Higher Education and Implications for the Year 2000. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper. Draft.
Simsek, Hasan; Heydinger, Richard B.
This paper addresses societal transformations and higher education's response to these changes and argues that a much larger and deeper change is occurring which should be examined within the context of a paradigm shift. The paper begins with a brief review of the theoretical literature on paradigms; then it demonstrates the use of these constructs in a study of the change process at a land-grant research university (University of Minnesota). Next, the paper enlarges the scope to briefly examine the evolution of American higher education and to provide a sketch of the dominant characteristics of the current American higher education paradigm, based on entrepreneurial-populist principles and ways of thought. The case study demonstrates the power of metaphor, exemplars, and myths in maintaining and even building new paradigms. The current paradigm of "managed populism" is expected to change to one with greater emphasis on quality. Leaders in higher education are urged to attempt to help shape these changes through: (1) recognizing and building on the larger forces at work, (2) utilizing five key strategies (i.e., focus on the customer, demand quality, build from collaboration, utilize technology to the fullest, and recognize the power of accountability measures), and (3) working on characteristics with the most salience for the emerging paradigm. The paper concludes with the presentation of a framework for examining the approaching, inevitable paradigm shift. (Contains 65 references.) (GLR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A