ERIC Number: ED352858
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
A Needs Assessment for English as a Second Language. Research Report.
A study of data on 6,846 adult literacy education students in Pennsylvania gathered information on student characteristics, instructional settings, teaching methods, and program and policy needs. Results indicate that about 34% of the students were Hispanic, 31% were Indochinese, and 21% were from Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Three-quarters resided in the southeast/central part of Pennsylvania, with over 25% in Philadelphia. Most were in beginning level classes, and many were educationally disadvantaged, with literacy deficiencies common. About 20% received public financial assistance. In the 30 classes of English as a Second Language visited for the study, an obvious problem was overcrowding and lack of individual attention to students, with ramifications for classroom communication. Some teaching methods commonly used (Total Physical Response, the audio-lingual method, and cognitive methods) were not felt to be as effective as those that focus on enhancing communicative competence. The most controversial issue encountered was that of bilingual education versus use of the native language for instruction. Recommendations include reduction of class size; coordination with literacy councils to provide more volunteer tutors; use of public libraries for materials and field trips; and staff development workshops focusing on language teaching methods, specific difficulties related to first language, and cultural awareness. (MSE) (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Development, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, English (Second Language), Ethnic Groups, Geographic Distribution, Immigrants, Literacy Education, Needs Assessment, Program Descriptions, Program Development, Second Language Instruction, Staff Development, Student Characteristics, Surveys, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Div. of Adult Basic and Literacy Education Programs.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania